What’s a Muscadine Grape?
Muscadine grapes are native to the southeastern United States. Muscadines ripen from late July through mid October. They will often be on the vine until the first fall frost comes. They are large, thick-skinned and seeded grapes that grow in small, loose clusters and are often harvested as individual berries. They can be bronze, red or black in color. And they are sooooo delicious! A true southern treat. Georgia is the largest grower of muscadines with about 1200 acres in production. North Carolina is a close second.
The picture above is of “The Mother Vine” It is the oldest cultivated muscadine vine in America circa 1584. It is still living today and producing fruit on Roanoke Island, NC.
Though they still grow wild, most of today’s muscadines and scuppernongs are grown in commercial vineyards. Harvest season is typically August through mid-October.
Is it a Muscadine or a Scuppernong?
One of the most common questions we are asked is….What is the difference between a muscadine and a scuppernong? Many people in fact consider any bronze muscadine to be a “scuppernong” But this is actually not true.
“All Scuppernongs are Muscadines, but not all Muscadines are Scuppernongs.” The name Muscadine is a broad category of grape that includes many varieties of both bronze and black grapes. Both bronze and dark varieties taste great and make wonderful jams, jellies, pies, juices and wines.
Scuppernong is “one” variety of a muscadine that happens to be bronze. With Scuppernong being one of the oldest and most popular varieties, the name is sometimes used to refer to any bronze variety of muscadine. There are now many other varieties of muscadines used both in wine production and for fresh eating.
In general, Muscadines are among the last plant types to leaf out in the spring.
They have a low chilling hour requirement in the 200-500-hour range. However, they have a very high heat accumulation requirement in the spring before they will break bud and grow. This characteristic keeps the plants dormant many times until late into the spring.
1. For plants ordered and planted between November and March 31st allow time for the plants to leaf out. For most Fruiting plants this could be into late April.
2. To see if the plant is alive use your fingernail and scratch the plant near ground level – if the plant is green – the plant is still alive and should leaf out – continue the fertilizer program and water them. If the plant is brown – or if the plants do not leaf out – you have until July 1st to notify us in writing and we will put you down for replacements the next shipping season per our warranty on page 2 of our catalog. (1/2 price)
You may fax us at: 770.599.1727
Email us at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Or mail it to: Ison’s Nursery, PO Box 190, Brooks, GA 30205
For changes to an order placed online, via mail or fax, please email or call us at 800.733.0324 and we will be happy to assist you.